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Le Kremlin interdit la communication des pertes militaires lors d’opérations spéciales en temps de paix

Zone militaire - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 18:10

Jusqu’à présent, les pertes subies par les forces armées russes en temps de guerre étaient confidentielles. Mais selon un décret signé ce 28 mai par le président Poutine, il faudra désormais y ajouter celles subies lors « d’opérations spéciales » en temps de paix. En cas de divulgation de telles informations à l’étranger, une peine pouvant aller […]

Cet article Le Kremlin interdit la communication des pertes militaires lors d’opérations spéciales en temps de paix est apparu en premier sur Zone Militaire.

Categories: Défense

U.S. and Moroccan F-16s train during largest Department of Defense exercise in Africa

The Aviationist Blog - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 18:10
U.S. and Royal Moroccan Air Force F-16s have operated together during the annual, bilateral African Lion exercise in Morocco.

Six F-16 Fighter Falcon aircraft belonging to 480th Fighter Squadron from Spangdahlem, Germany, along with support assets deployed to Ben Guerir airbase, in Morocco, to participate in joint and combined air training during African Lion 2015, the largest U.S. exercise in Africa.

Taking place between May 15 and 22, the annual exercise is designed to improve interoperability and mutual understanding of each nation’s tactics, techniques and procedures.

According to the U.S. Air Force, the training included first-time Royal Moroccan air force in-flight air refueling with U.S. tankers, emergency landing barrier training and joint datalink ops.

The training activities were carried out few days after a Royal Moroccan Air Force F-16C Block 52+ (serialled #08-8008), taking part in the Saudi-led coalition air campaign in Yemen was shot down by Houthi rebels on May 11.

The aircraft, belonging to a contingent of six F-16s deployed to UAE to take part in the air war against ISIS, was involved in one of the very first RMAF missions over Yemen when it was hit by small arms fire. Pilot was killed in the downing.

 

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Categories: Defence`s Feeds

« En Egypte, la peine de mort est une arme politique »

IRIS - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 18:08

Les tribunaux égyptiens ont condamné à mort, le16 mai. Le président destitué Mohamed Morsi ainsi que plus de 100 autres accusés, dont de hauts responsables de l’organisation des Frères musulmans, à l’issue de ce que les organisations de défense des droits de l’homme ont qualifié de « simulacre de procès ». Explications de Didier Billion, directeur adjoint de l’Institut de relations internationales et stratégiques (Iris), spécialiste du Moyen-Orient.

Comment faut-il interpréter la condamnation à mort de l’ancien président Mohamed Morsi ainsi que de plus de 100 autres accusés ?

Ces décisions témoignent de l’état déplorable de la justice pénale en Égypte et ne sont qu’une illustration de la répression sauvage qui est en cours dans le pays. Des condamnations à la peine capitale sont prononcées à tour de bras. Seul le contexte politique peut permettre de comprendre ces événements. Depuis le coup d’État du général Abdel Fattah al-Sissi, en juillet 2013, il y a une sorte d’hystérie anti-Frères musulmans, une répression extrêmement brutale à rencontre de ses dirigeants, mais aussi de ses militants ou même de ses cadres intermédiaires. On estime à 1400 le nombre de morts dans les manifestations contre le nouveau régime, et il y aurait entre 20000 et 40000 prisonniers d’opinion. Ces chiffres montrent la détermination du général Sissi à éliminer la confrérie islamiste.

Cette condamnation est donc un signal envoyé aux Frères musulmans…

Plus largement, il s’agit d’effrayer tous ceux qui seraient tentés de contester le régime. À partir du moment où on qualifie les Frères musulmans d’organisation terroriste, dans un contexte moyen-oriental très compliqué, c’est la porte ouverte à tous les abus. Et cela explique l’aspect massif de toutes ces condamnations à mort. Cette répression contre tous ceux qui revendiquent des droits démocratiques produit une justice expéditive. Faut-il rappeler que Mohamed Morsi est le seul président élu démocratiquement dans toute l’histoire de l’Egypte ? La machine répressive égyptienne ternit chaque jour un peu plus l’image du régime. Mais les critiques venues du monde entier n’ont en rien ébranlé le maréchal-président, conscient d’être d’abord perçu comme un rempart l’islamisme et un allié stratégique pour les Occidentaux.

En Égypte, la peine de mort est-elle devenue une arme politique ?

C’est uniquement comme cela qu’il faut l’interpréter. Ce n’est pas de la justice. Les attendus du procès contre Morsi sont risibles. Ce dernier est accusé de haute trahison parce qu’il aurait livré des secrets d’État au Hamas et au Hezbollah libanais. C’est du grand n’importe quoi. Il faut être clair, c’est un procès politique. Le message des militaires est le suivant : « Nous allons vous éradiquer et nous irons jusqu’au, bout. » C’est une vue de l’esprit. Créés en 1928, les Frères musulmans sont très implantés dans la société égyptienne. Et ils ont l’habitude de la clandestinité.

Cette condamnation sera-t-elle appliquée ?

Rien n’est moins sûr. Et en tout cas, elle ne le sera pas tout de suite. Un verdict final sera rendu e 2 juin, après avis non contraignant du mufti de la République, la plus haute autorité religieuse du pays. En Egypte, toutes les condamnations à la peine capitale doivent faire l’objet d’un avis religieux. Les sentences définitives sont finalement transmises au président de la République, auquel la loi confère le pouvoir de commutation et de grâce. Les avocats de Mohamed Morsi ont aussi affirmé qu’ils feraient appel. Ils travaillent dans des conditions difficiles. Cela peut prendre plusieurs mois. Une campagne internationale, voire des pressions des Etats Unis – qui sont plutôt embarrassés par cette affaire -peut faire pencher la balance. Je suis incapable de vous dire si les condamnés vont être exécutés. II y a trop de paramètres.

La peine de mort a-t-elle été beaucoup appliquée en Égypte ces dernières années ?

L’opinion publique a toujours été favorable à la peine de mort, pratiquée depuis de très nombreuses années notamment pour des crimes de droit commun. Selon Amnesty International, l’Egypte figure en tête des pays de la région ayant prononcé le plus grand nombre de sentences. Les autorités au pouvoir prévoient l’adoption de nouvelles dispositions de lutte contre le terrorisme, qui étendaient le champ d’application de la peine de mort notamment pour la constitution d’une « organisation terroriste », la participation à des « actes terroristes » entraînant la mort ou le fait d’être à la tête d’une « bande » qui s’en prend aux forces de sécurité. Le pouvoir militaire a peur qu’il y ait de nouvelles explosions sociales, c’est la raison pour laquelle il mené une politique de répression très dure. Pour lui, la peine de mort pourrait décourager ceux qui voudraient encore le contester.

Híd: A Smer rontott Szlovákia versenyképességén

Bumm.sk (Szlovákia/Felvidék) - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 18:06
Amíg közvetlen szomszédjaink helyzete javult, Szlovákiának a kormánypárt intézkedései ártottak.

Ebola: les experts se préparent pour la prochaine épidémie

Maliactu - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 18:03
Le monde doit se préparer à de nouvelles épidémies d’Ebola en tirant les leçons de la crise actuelle, et tenter d’impliquer plus les personnes concernées, comme les médecins, les malades et les responsables locaux, ont estimé des experts internationaux réunis à Paris. « On doit préparer la prochaine épidémie qui va forcément survenir » a indiqué Yves […]
Categories: Afrique

Press release - TTIP: more US market access, reform investment protection, retain EU standards - Committee on International Trade

European Parliament - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 18:02
An EU-US trade deal should deepen EU access to the US market, but must not undermine EU standards or the right to regulate in the public interest, say Trade Committee MEPs in draft recommendations voted on Thursday. Tools for resolving disputes between investors and states should be reformed and improved, they add.
Committee on International Trade

Source : © European Union, 2015 - EP
Categories: European Union

Press release - TTIP: more US market access, reform investment protection, retain EU standards - Committee on International Trade

European Parliament (News) - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 18:02
An EU-US trade deal should deepen EU access to the US market, but must not undermine EU standards or the right to regulate in the public interest, say Trade Committee MEPs in draft recommendations voted on Thursday. Tools for resolving disputes between investors and states should be reformed and improved, they add.
Committee on International Trade

Source : © European Union, 2015 - EP
Categories: European Union

Akinwumi Adesina élu président de la Banque africaine de développement

Jeune Afrique / Economie - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 18:00

Les 80 gouverneurs de la Banque africaine de développement, réunis ce jeudi 28 mai à Abidjan, ont choisi Akinwumi Adesina pour succéder au Rwandais Donald Kaberuka à la présidence de l'institution panafricaine. Huit personnalités africaines s'étaient portées candidates à ce poste.


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Categories: Afrique

Akinwumi Adesina, élu président de la Banque africaine de développement

Jeune Afrique / Economie - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 18:00

Les 80 gouverneurs de la Banque africaine de développement, réunis ce jeudi 28 mai à Abidjan, ont choisi Akinwumi Adesina pour succéder au Rwandais Donald Kaberuka à la présidence de l'institution panafricaine. 8 personnalités africaines s'étaient portées candidates à ce poste.


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Categories: Afrique

Mali: 3 Casques bleus blessés par l’explosion d’une mine

Maliactu - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 17:58
  Trois Casques bleus ont été blessés jeudi dans le nord du Mali par l’explosion d’une mine au passage d’un convoi dans lequel se trouvait leur chef, le général danois Michael Lollesgaard, a appris l’AFP auprès de la Mission de l’ONU (Minusma). Cette attaque intervient à la veille de la Journée internationale des Casques bleus […]
Categories: Afrique

Une mine explose au passage du convoi du chef des Casques bleus au Mali, 3 blessés

Maliactu - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 17:58
Trois Casques bleus ont été blessés jeudi dans le nord du Mali par l’explosion d’une mine au passage d’un convoi dans lequel se trouvait leur chef, le général danois Michael Lollesgaard, a appris l’AFP auprès de la Mission de l’ONU (Minusma). Cette attaque intervient à la veille de la Journée internationale des Casques bleus vendredi, […]
Categories: Afrique

Nemes Jeles László: a legfontosabb, hogy beszéljenek a filmről

Hírek.sk (Szlovákia/Felvidék) - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 17:57
BUDAPEST. A legfontosabb, hogy beszéljenek a filmről - mondta a cannes-i zsűri nagydíjával jutalmazott Saul fia rendezője, Nemes Jeles László a június 11-én a magyar mozikba kerülő film csütörtöki budapesti sajtótájékoztatóján.

Fifa: l’Afrique du Sud dément toute infraction

Maliactu - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 17:55
L’Afrique du Sud a rejeté jeudi les accusations de corruption lors de l’attribution par la Fifa du Mondial-2010, le ministre à la Présidence Jeff Radebe assurant que son pays avait « reçu un audit impeccable ». « Lorsque nous avons organisé la Coupe du monde de la Fifa en juin (2010) nous avons reçu un audit impeccable (…) […]
Categories: Afrique

Angola: 6 mois de prison avec sursis pour un journaliste luttant contre la corruption

Maliactu - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 17:53
Le journaliste Rafael Marques, symbole de la lutte contre la corruption en Angola, a été condamné jeudi à six mois de prison avec sursis pour un livre accusant le régime de couvrir des violences contre les chercheurs de diamants dans le nord-est du pays. Poursuivi pour « dénonciation calomnieuse » par sept généraux, dont un proche du […]
Categories: Afrique

Sangaris : Point de situation du 28 mai 2015

La force Sangaris resserre progressivement ses troupes et matériels autour de Bangui pour densifier la « force de réaction » mobile au profit des forces de l’ONU. Les emprises militaires française à Bria et N’Délé ont ainsi été transférées à la MINUSCA les 22 et 28 mai. Cette semaine, trois hélicoptères Puma ont été désengagés du théâtre.
Categories: Défense

A testet és a lelket is ismerni kell

Székelyhon.ro (Románia/Erdély) - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 17:46

A csíkcsicsói Kelemen Zsófia mintegy tíz éve dolgozik gyógytornászként, néhány éve Csíkszereda több óvodájában is foglalkozik gyermekekkel. A Romániai Gyógytornászok Egyesületének elnöke munkájáról mesélt.
Kategória: Magazin

Tadzsik kommandósok az ISIS oldalán

Posztinfo.hu / Közép-Ázsia - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 17:40

Több héttel eltűnése után videó üzenetben jelentkezett Gulmurod Halimov, a tadzsik belügyi különleges alakulat vezetője. Mint szavaiból kiderült, Szíriában harcol az Iszlám Állam mellett. Halimov kritizálta a tadzsik hatóságokat amiért szerinte korlátozzák az iszlám vallás gyakorlását a rendfenntartó erők soraiban.

A parancsnokkal tartott az alakulat 10 katonája is, Moszkván keresztül érkeztek Szíriába. Halimov 2012 óta állt az egység élén, többször járt kiképzésen Oroszországban és az Egyesült Államokban is, számos állami elismerésben részesült.

Az ország nemzetbiztonsági hivatalának információi szerint mintegy 400 tadzsik harcol az ISIS mellett, a közép-ázsiai térségből pedig összesen 4-5 ezren lehetnek jelenleg Szíriában. Orosz források 6-7 ezresre becsülik a Szíriában harcoló, Oroszországból érkezettek számát.

Categories: Oroszország és FÁK

Stanakzai Goes from Peace to War: For Afghanistan, finally a defence minister?

The Afghanistan Analysts Network (AAN) - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 17:36

The national unity government is making its fourth attempt to appoint a minister of defence. On 24 May 2015, the presidential palace announced the nomination of Masum Stanakzai who has been the head of the Joint Secretariat of the High Peace Council and Afghanistan Peace and Reconciliation Programme since 2009. Members of Parliament will still need to give him a vote of confidence. The fact that, eight months after the national unity government was sworn in, it has still not filled one of the most important offices during war time is extraordinary, says AAN’s Kate Clark. She looks at why this might be the case and presents a biography of the new candidate.

It took the government three months to make its first attempt to appoint any minister: on 20 January 2015, it announced a full cabinet list, but two thirds of the nominees either fell away (they were ineligible because they held two passports, had no higher education or were wanted by Interpol) or were rejected by the MPs. Those rejected included the government’s first choice as defence minister, General Sher Muhammad Karimi. Karimi is the current Chief of Army Staff; Sandhurst-educated in the 1960s, in the presidential guard of Sardar Muhammad Daud during the 1978 coup d’ètat and, after imprisonment, made his way back to the ministry in the later PDPA administrations (Babrak Karmal and Dr Najibullah) and those of the mujahedin, Taleban, Karzai and Ghani.

In the government’s second attempt to fill the cabinet, it put forward names for all the vacant ministries except defence. Although this was not officially acknowledged, it appeared Abdullah and Ghani had not been able to agree on a candidate. When the parliament voted on this second list, on 18 April 2015, it confirmed all the nominees. Since then, two other names for minister of defence were floated, although neither made it to the ‘being introduced to parliament’ stage.

On 6 April 2015, the president’s office announced it had nominated General Afzal Ludin as the new minister, describing him as “a military professional [who] in the past has worked in different capacities at the ministry of Defense and more recently as Military Advisor to the Office of the National Security Council.” Two days later, the president’s office announced his withdrawal. Dr Abdullah had reportedly been furious, saying he had not been consulted on the appointment, while Ludin said he had withdrawn so as not to risk internal turmoil, given that “some might cause problems to my country over my candidacy.” Ludin was a former commander of the presidential guard, under Najibullah, and worked closely with the current interior minister, Nur-ul-Haq Ulumi.

The third attempted minister was General Abdullah Khan Habibi, in mid-April, although he only made it as far as the second deputy speaker of the Wolesi Jirga, Nazer Ahmadzai, saying the general was to be formally introduced to the house (as reported by Mandegar newspaper). That never happened. Now it is the turn of Masum Stanakzai, who emerges not out of the Ministry of Defence but out of the High Peace Council.

A leaderless army

It is clear that the appointment has been held up not by a shortage of suitable candidates, but by the political ‘tug of war’ over appointments at the heart of the national unity government. Talk to the people involved on either side (in the Ghani and Abdullah camps) and they each accuse the other side of intransigence, working unilaterally or bias. Whatever the rights and wrongs of the matter internally, the impression given by that one empty ministerial chair is terrible – making it look like the national unity government is squabbling over positions while the country burns, with no sense of urgency over the need to get a leader for an army which is having to fight hard and sacrifice much.

It is indeed extraordinary that a country facing as dangerous an opponent as the Taleban and as bloody a year as this one should not have a defence minister. The insurgency has been fierce ever since the new government was formed, with no ‘winter lull’ (except in Kabul) and offensives by the Taleban in many places, including Kunduz, Badakhshan, Faryab, Uruzgan, Sar-e Paul and Helmand – where there was also a counter-offensive by the ANSF. Casualties have been high; in the first four months of 2015, according to a Western military official who spoke anonymously to The New York Times on Afghan government figures not officially released, more than 1,800 soldiers and police officers have been killed in action and another 3,400 wounded – more than 65 per cent higher during the same period last year. Civilians have also been harmed in greater numbers this year: 2974 killed and 1,963 injured in the first four months of the year, reported UNAMA, up by 16 per cent since the same period in 2014. The situation is so precarious the government is reported in the north, to be turning to militias, including those accused of carrying out human rights abuses.

The army is sorely in need of a leader. The question now is whether Stanakzai will get through parliament and then whether he will make a good defence minister.

Muhammad Masum Stanakzai’s biography

Stanakzai was born in 1958, a Pashtun from Moghulkhel village, Muhammad Agha district of Logar province. He graduated from the communications (mukhabara) section of Kabul Military University. Later, he also got a Masters in Philosophy of Engineering for Sustainable Development from Cambridge University. (1)

As a young man, Stanakzai served in the Afghan army for a decade, rising through the ranks to end as a colonel, still, it seems, in communications. No official dates are given, but this would have been during the PDPA era. At some point, he moved into NGO work in Peshawar, moving up through the ranks there and serving eventually as director of one of the largest Afghan NGOs, the Agency for Rehabilitation and Energy Conservation (AREA) (2001-2002). I remember it being one of the first agencies to start mapping civilian casualties from at least early 2002. Stanakzai also served on the steering committee of ACBAR, the Agency Coordinating Body for Afghan Relief.

He moved into government in 2002, first as Minister of Telecommunications (2002-2004), then as an advisor on security to President Karzai. In 2009, he was appointed Head of the Joint Secretariat of the newly created High Peace Council (HPC) and its Afghanistan Peace and Reconciliation Programme (APRP), serving there until the present – one of the few senior officials to stay in office during the transition from Karzai to Ghani. Stanakzai was centrally involved in Karzai’s peace-making efforts, as his loyal man in any contacts with the Taleban. Little, if anything, was achieved and some would say chances for negotiations were lost. However, any appraisal of the success or failure of the efforts would have to be laid primarily at Karzai’s door.

His final action in this capacity – under Ghani – appears to have been organising and “holding talks,” as it was reported in The Wall Street Journal, with three senior Taleban officials on 19 and 20 May 2015 in Urumqi, the capital of China’s western Xinjiang region. The Taleban officials were named as Mullah Abdul Jalil (former deputy foreign minister during the Taleban’s ‘Emirate’ government), Mullah Muhammad Hassan Rahmani (former governor of Kandahar) and Mullah Abdul Razaq (former interior minister). The meeting was denied by the Taleban. (2)

Reconciling Taleban

Stanakzai was also in charge of implementing the High Peace Council’s Afghan Peace and Reconciliation Programme (APRP), although it was – and is – still officially ‘led’ by the 70-member High Peace Council. The APRP, which aims to persuade combatants to come over to the government side, has been a highly expensive and futile endeavour. Here is one just-published conclusion by Deedee Derksen, in a paper for the United States Institute for Peace (USIP):

“Peace is business” was a recurring comment of well-informed Afghan officials and tribal elders, who assert that the [local High Peace] councils’ main goal is to receive funds from Kabul. Patronage drives resource allocation in the APRP on all levels. Although progress has been made on the demobilization phase, intelligence gathering and assessment for vetting takes place in a “‘black box’, hidden from scrutiny.” This lack of transparency allows political players to subvert the process.

Accordingly, many participants seem to have not belonged to the insurgency, or at best have operated only in its periphery. This situation is explained by a number of factors: the Taliban are not interested, program officials and international stakeholders need to show numbers of participants, no consensus has been reached over who was eligible for the program, the vetting process is not transparent, and some APRP officials seem to have included people connected to them who are not in the insurgency rather than Taliban.

The failure of APRP could be blamed on its unworkable assumption: that fighters could be brought over for money and other inducements at a time when there was no over-arching peace process to make ‘coming over’ not look like surrender or treachery (see AAN’s initial critique here). It has to be said, as well, that its failure on the domestic reintegration front is little different from many other foreign-funded, Afghan state projects, and its record matches all previous demobilisation programmes, with a lot of money spent, little to show for and questions of where the money ended up. Nevertheless, the failure of the APRP – and it has been massive – has been under Stanakzai’s leadership, with responsibility shared with the two High Peace Council chairmen, Burhanuddin and Salahuddin Rabbani.

In September 2011, Stanakzai was seriously injured in the suicide bombing that killed Burhanuddin Rabbani. He eventually recovered from his injuries, although still walks with a stick. He returned to his job – many admired him for his persistence – and was himself also targeted in another suicide attack almost a year ago (21 June 2014). Stanakzai managed to work for and with a difficult and varied range of characters at the High Peace Council, including its seventy, disparate, frequently demanding members, the patrician Burhanuddin Rabbani and then his son, Salahuddin, with whom Stanakzai reportedly had a much more antagonistic relationship as both vied to be the senior player in the High Peace Council; then there were the various international players – also often demanding and rarely acting coherently as a group.

In the communist army – and Pashtun as well

So what will Stanakzai bring to the ministry of defence, should he get parliament’s votes? He has proven himself a loyal, hard-working government servant. He has run one ministry and a reasonably big government agency and has been at the heart of government for many years. He is going from trying to reconcile and seek peace to leading the war effort – which is interesting. He also has some military experience. However, that was a very long time ago, and it seems he does not have field command experience.

His ‘communist’ background may make him suspect to some, especially as he becomes the third head of the power ministries – defence, interior and NDS – with a non-mujahedin background; one could also add here the powerful National Security Advisor, Hanif Atmar, who also served in the PDPA regime (in his case, as a young Khad intelligence officer), then in NGOs before becoming a post-2001 minister. Given the threats – actual or perceived – of a coup over the elections, the president may have wanted to ensure loyalists in these ministries. Even so, the fact that Stanakzai served and rose through the ranks of the PDPA army may make him suspect for those who sacrificed much in the war against the Soviet invasion. Moreover, like Interior Minister Ulumi, NDS boss Rahmatullah Nabil and Hanif Atmar, he is Pashtun. This probably should not be relevant, but after an election which split the country on ethnic grounds, it needs mentioning. As political affiliation also counts, it should be added that – among the four – only Ulumi belongs to the political camp of CEO Abdullah.

New Chief of Army Staff as well

There was an attempt by the administration at some ethnic and factional balance with the simultaneous announcement of a new Chief of Army Staff who is a Jamiati. He is the current commander of the ANA’s 111 division (ferqa) based at Qargha, west of Kabul, General Qadam Shah Shahim.

According to a Badakhshi journalist AAN spoke to, Qadam Shah is from Tashkan district of Badakhshan and finished Keshm High School in 1360 (1981/2).(3) From the early 1980s, he was fighting with Jamiat-e Islami against the Soviets and then, judging by his promotion record, against other mujahedin factions during the civil war and then against the Taleban; in 1372 (1993/4), he was appointed commander of 82 regiment (ghund) in Qargha and in 1375 (1996/7) made brigadier (appointments by the mujahidin Islamic State administration of Burhanuddin Rabbani).

In 1380 (2001/2), Qadam Shah was the commander of 37 brigade (lewa) of commandos and, reportedly, had a lot of dealings with foreign forces. In 1389 (2011), he was appointed as the commander of 111 division of Kabul, which is relatively small, half the normal size of a division. Becoming Chief of Army Staff is therefore a big step up for Qadam Shah. However, he does at least have more high-ranking, more on the ground and, of course, much more recent experience than his (nominated) boss.

Stanakzai still has to be introduced to parliament. They were picky about the government’s first list – rejecting half – but then appeared to fear the country would not forgive them if they left posts empty and proceeded to endorse every single nominee on the second list. So far, only one MP, the Uzbek Enayatullah Farahmand from Jawzjan, has voiced criticism of the choice, alleging there had (again) been ethnic bias. Acting governor of Balkh and chairman of Jamiat-e Islami’s Executive Council, Atta Muhammad Nur, a more powerful voice, has called the appointment “a historical mistake.” Atta alleged that Stanakzai was behind the murder of the then head of Jamiat, the former president, Burhanuddin Rabbani.

The next step for the defence minister nominee is to go and present himself to the MPs. Then, if all goes well, they will vote to accept or reject him.

 

(1) The Masters from Cambridge was gained between Stanakzai’s stints at the Ministry of Telecommunications and the High Peace Council. During that time, he was also a visiting fellow at the United States Institute of Peace (2008) and a Jennings Randolph Afghanistan Fellow (2008-2009).

(2) These men are heavy-weights of the movement, probably already in regular contact with the Afghan government and also thought to be close to Pakistan. They are generally the more ‘talk-friendly’ people in the movement, but none has been expelled by the leadership, who know of their contacts. In going to China, they either had the tactical space and flexibility to talk and travel unofficially, and still be deniable by the leadership, or they have ‘gone rogue’ but expelling them would cause more trouble than not.

(3) The Afghan calendar starts from the Spring Equinox (usually 21 March), so unless you know the month of an event, it could have taken place in one of two Western years.

Categories: Defence`s Feeds

ODIHR Director Link welcomes Nebraska legislature vote abolishing capital punishment

OSCE - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 17:35

WARSAW, 28 May 2015 – Michael Georg Link, Director of the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) today commended the legislature of Nebraska for voting to abolish the death penalty in that U.S. state.

“The legislature’s vote to abolish capital punishment is a welcome one,” Link said. “It is my hope that those states that continue to carry out executions will give serious consideration to following Nebraska’s example in abolishing this practice.”

The 30-19 vote in the legislature overrode a veto of the bill by the state’s governor, Pete Ricketts, when it first reached his desk on Wednesday.

While there is no OSCE commitment on the abolishment of the death penalty, OSCE participating States, including the United States, have committed themselves to keep the question of abolishment under consideration.

Further, the 2013 Istanbul Final Declaration by the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly called on all states to adopt a moratorium on all executions, with the ultimate goal of abolishing the death penalty completely.

ODIHR publishes an annual background paper providing information on the status of the death penalty across the OSCE’s 57 participating States. The 2014 edition of the Background Paper, released last September, stated that 51 of these countries have abolished capital punishment outright, while another four maintain the penalty in law, but have moratoriums on carrying out executions. Belarus and the United States continue to maintain the death penalty in practice.

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Categories: Central Europe

Ózoninjekció a hátfájás ellen?

Hírek.sk (Szlovákia/Felvidék) - Thu, 28/05/2015 - 17:34
MADRID. A globális felmelegedéshez is kötődő gáz lehet a krónikus hátfájás legújabb ellenszere. Az új kutatások szerint az ózon és az oxigén megfelelő arányú keveréke képes összehúzni a sérült szöveteket és enyhíteni a hátfájdalmat.

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