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113/2022 : 28 June 2022 - Judgment of the Court of Justice in Case C-278/20

European Court of Justice (News) - Tue, 28/06/2022 - 09:36
Commission v Spain
Law governing the institutions
Responsabilité de l’État pour les dommages causés aux particuliers par les violations du droit de l’Union : l’Espagne a manqué aux obligations qui lui incombent en vertu du principe d’effectivité

Categories: European Union

Agenda - The Week Ahead 27 June – 03 July 2022

European Parliament - Fri, 24/06/2022 - 14:20
Committee and political group meetings, Brussels

Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP
Categories: European Union

Latest news - Next SEDE meeting - 30 June 2022 - Subcommittee on Security and Defence

The next meeting of the Subcommittee on Security and Defence (SEDE) is scheduled to take place on 30 June 2022.

The meeting agenda and documents will be published here.

SEDE missions:

  • SEDE mission to Iraq from 24-28 May 2022
  • SEDE mission to Georgia from 10-14 April 2022

SEDE meetings' calendar - first half of 2022
SEDE meetings' calendar - second half of 2022
EP calendar 2022 revised
Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP

Press release - EU candidate status: lead MEP welcomes Council decision

European Parliament - Thu, 23/06/2022 - 22:03
Statement of the Chair of the Committee on Foreign Affairs on the European Council 's decision of 23 June 2022 on the EU membership applications of Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia
Committee on Foreign Affairs

Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP
Categories: European Union

Press release - It's time: EU candidate status will strengthen Ukraine and Europe – Metsola

European Parliament - Thu, 23/06/2022 - 18:00
This is a moment where we must remain together. Addressing EU leaders, EP President Metsola spoke also on climate, energy, inflation and the war's social and economic impact.

Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP
Categories: European Union

Article - Metsola: Granting candidate status to Ukraine and Moldova will strengthen EU

European Parliament - Thu, 23/06/2022 - 17:59
Granting candidate status to Ukraine and Moldova would not only strengthen the two countries, but also the EU, Roberta Metsola told EU leaders.

Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP
Categories: European Union

Press release - European Health Union: deal on stronger cross-border cooperation

European Parliament - Thu, 23/06/2022 - 17:19
Parliament and Council reached a provisional agreement on how the EU and member states should deal more efficiently with future serious cross-border health threats.
Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP
Categories: European Union

Press release - President of Zambia to European Parliament: “Zambia is back in business”

European Parliament - Thu, 23/06/2022 - 14:05
In his address to MEPs , Zambia’s President Hakainde Hichilema thanked Parliament for its support, advocated closer relations with the EU and condemned the war against Ukraine.

Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP
Categories: European Union

Press release - European Parliament Press Kit for the European Council of 23 and 24 June 2022

European Parliament - Thu, 23/06/2022 - 13:29
In this press kit, you will find a selection of the European Parliament’s press releases that show MEPs’ priorities in relation to topics on the summit agenda.

Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP
Categories: European Union

Role modelling Brexit? Swiss newspapers show remarkable leeway in presenting Brexit as a ‘benchmark’ for Switzerland

Ideas on Europe Blog - Thu, 23/06/2022 - 13:10

In his EU3D-funded master’s thesis, Simon Zemp analyses how Swiss newspapers have referred to Brexit as a benchmark when evaluating the recent attempts of the Swiss government to (re-)negotiate its bilateral relations with the EU. The results show that Brexit references were important in the public debate about the Swiss EU relationship and were often referred to as a ‘role model’.

Schwexit. Illustration by: Marcus Gottfried (

Immediately after the British vote to leave the European Union, observers feared that Brexit might boost Euroscepticism in the rest of Europe. Since then, these fears have not been borne out. To the contrary, scholars have documented a reinforcement of support for EU integration in the aftermath of Brexit, indicating a deterrent effect of Brexit.

Benchmarking[1] Brexit: looking over the Channel matters for EU support

The British experience with Brexit constitutes a unique, highly informative precedent for disintegration. European citizens may take this information into account and adapt their opinion regarding their own country’s EU integration. Depending on how the own country’s performance is evaluated when benchmarked against Brexit, different changes in public opinion may result. For example, if Brexit is widely perceived as a success, citizens will consider a change in the status quo in a similar direction. On the contrary, benchmarking against a negatively evaluated Brexit experience will deter people from supporting disintegration steps and make them more appreciative of EU integration. Such benchmarking may play a crucial role for EU support among its member states (see de Vries 2017) as well as in externally integrated countries like Norway or Switzerland.

Do Europeans refer to Brexit as a ‘benchmark’? Novel evidence found in the analysis of Swiss media

Despite evidence strengthening the explanatory power of ‘Brexit benchmarks’, we lack observations from the real world that concretely show how people benchmark their own situation against Brexit. Since we can understand benchmarking as a thought process within people’s minds, it is obviously difficult to observe it. My study circumvented this difficulty with the help of a media framing analysis. The idea was to grasp the phenomenon of ‘benchmarking against Brexit’ in public discourses, as it is reflected in news media content.

The Swiss context presented itself for such an investigation as Swiss EU relations were high on the political agenda throughout the entire Brexit process. Foremost, the negotiation on an institutional framework agreement between 2014 and 2021 triggered intense public debates in Switzerland about the country’s future integration path.

By analysing articles from four Swiss newspapers of different political leanings, I found a total of 229 framings which evaluated Switzerland’s EU integration by referring explicitly to the Brexit process as a reference point. These frames reveal that ‘Brexit benchmarks’ played a prominent role in the Swiss public debate and that Brexit served as both a ‘deterrent’ and a ‘role model’ (see the box for two examples).

Evidence from Switzerland shows: Brexit is by no means just a deterrent!

Swiss media coverage contained ‘benchmark framings’ foremost during episodes of Brexit characterised by a high issue salience and a good comparability with the Swiss situation. The relatively short period when the UK under PM Johnson negotiated and adopted the Trade and Cooperation Agreement with the EU at the end of 2021 stands out in the data. After the long-winded exit phase, the UK situation at this stage was well comparable to the Swiss attempt of getting external access to ‘Europe’ and commentators in the news have frequently benchmarked the Swiss situation against the salient Brexit events (see Figure 1).

Also, it was in this final negotiation phase under Johnson that newspapers framed Brexit increasingly as a ‘role model’. Foremost the British negotiation style and the concrete outcome of the negotiations were presented as admirable benchmarks, which helped to point out alleged flaws in the Swiss-EU negotiation. A total of 97 framings presented Brexit as a ‘role model benchmark’ for Switzerland. This number is astonishing, especially given the evidence indicating effects of ‘Brexit deterrence’ in European countries.

Figure 1: How Swiss news media framed Brexit as a benchmark. Number of frames shown along the x-axis.

Besides the remarkable amount of ‘role model benchmarks’, Swiss news regularly referred to Brexit with a negative, deterrent framing (104 frames). Especially in tumultuous Brexit episodes, as in Spring 2019, benchmarking against Brexit tended to come with a negative framing; and the comparison with the UK made the Swiss situation appear more desirable. Here, Brexit references allowed to argue for the preservation of the Swiss status quo and against similar ‘experiments’ in the name of national sovereignty, which may endanger the relations with Europe.

Newspapers’ use of framing power when presenting Brexit as a benchmark

My data reveal that the political leaning of a newspaper is a decisive factor for understanding the way Brexit is framed as a benchmark in the media. For example, the Eurosceptic outlet ‘Weltwoche’ pointed extensively to the Brexit process as a benchmark and thereby used almost exclusively a ‘role model’ framing (in 60 out of 73 frames). More EU-friendly newspapers, like NZZ and Tages-Anzeiger, referred to Brexit with both ‘role model’ and ‘anti-role model’ framings, yet with a clear bias towards the latter. Interestingly, Eurosceptic commentators have (re)framed Brexit under PM Johnson as a success story by clearly separating his premiership from Theresa May’s, who was presented as the scapegoat for the negative experiences publicly associated with Brexit.

In conclusion, the findings from Switzerland indicate that the Brexit experience matters for public discussion and opinion formation on European (dis-)integration beyond the UK and that Europe is far from having ‘outlived’ the risk of ‘Brexit contagion’. After a tumultuous withdrawal process, the most fruitful years for framing Brexit as a role model for disintegration attempts may be yet to come. Certainly, the future performance of the UK outside the Union is key in this respect. Moreover, my study emphasises that we are also well-advised to keep a close eye on the hitherto neglected role of news media and political entrepreneurs: It is their ‘framing power’ that significantly influences whether Europeans perceive the British path as a role model or a deterrent.



[1] The verb to benchmark means to evaluate a situation by comparing it with a certain reference point⸺the benchmark.

The post Role modelling Brexit? Swiss newspapers show remarkable leeway in presenting Brexit as a ‘benchmark’ for Switzerland appeared first on Ideas on Europe.

Categories: European Union

Press release - Parliament approves plans to restock gas reserves before winter

European Parliament - Thu, 23/06/2022 - 13:09
In response to Russia’s war against Ukraine, this law aims to refill Europe’s strategic gas reserves more quickly before winter to ensure energy supplies are secure.
Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP
Categories: European Union

Press release - National recovery plans: MEPs assess the performance of crisis funding

European Parliament - Thu, 23/06/2022 - 12:58
Parliament calls for recovery funding to be transparent, conditional on the respect for the rule of law, and for ensuring a maximum return on the EU’s investment.
Committee on Budgets
Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs

Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP
Categories: European Union

Press release - EU employment aid for workers in France and Greece

European Parliament - Thu, 23/06/2022 - 12:40
Parliament approved on Thursday almost €20 million in EU job-seeking aid for workers recently made redundant in France and Greece.
Committee on Budgets

Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP
Categories: European Union

Press release - Court of Auditors: MEPs confirm new Dutch member

European Parliament - Thu, 23/06/2022 - 12:27
Parliament endorsed Stephanus Abraham Blok, nominated by the Dutch government, as a member of the European Court of Auditors (ECA).
Committee on Budgetary Control

Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP
Categories: European Union

Press release - Montenegro: political tensions slow progress of EU-related reforms

European Parliament - Thu, 23/06/2022 - 12:25
Parliament says Montenegro should advance its electoral and judicial reforms and its fight against organised crime and corruption.
Committee on Foreign Affairs

Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP
Categories: European Union

Press release - EU COVID Certificate: MEPs approve one-year extension

European Parliament - Thu, 23/06/2022 - 12:13
The European Parliament plenary has endorsed the deal with member states to extend the legal framework of the EU Digital COVID Certificate for another 12 months.
Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs

Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP
Categories: European Union

Press release - Grant EU candidate status to Ukraine and Moldova without delay, MEPs demand

European Parliament - Thu, 23/06/2022 - 12:03
EU leaders must live up to their historical responsibility and give a clear political signal to Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia, confirming their European perspective.
Committee on Foreign Affairs

Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP
Categories: European Union

Making the Northern Ireland Protocol work

Ideas on Europe Blog - Thu, 23/06/2022 - 08:39

The title of this post feels insanely optimistic, given the events of the past weeks, but if we don’t try then we certainly won’t succeed.

Last month I submitted some evidence to the Follow-up inquiry on the impact of the Protocol, run by the Lord’s EU Committee’s sub-Committee on the Protocol. Being very aware of my limits, I only wrote about the dynamics of EU-UK interactions on the issue and how a possible restarting of constructive relations might look.

My unwritten conclusion was that the current UK government was really unlikely to make this work, or would even try to make it work, since its first step was to engage wholeheartedly with the current Protocol system, to show it was making best efforts. Only once that path is exhausted (and seen to be exhausted) would the UK get renegotiation on the table.

Of course, this has been overtaken by the publication last week of the Northern Ireland Protocol Bill.

Resting on a very dubious legal basis of a doctrine of necessity, the government argues that the Protocol’s effects are so terrible as to require urgent action, albeit through passing legislation that may need months to come into effect and while also arguing it is just ‘minor bureaucratic changes‘.

Even if we disregard the justification, then we can still say that the Bill proposes a fundamental reworking of the Protocol, as laid out in the graphic below.


Even those (few) parts of the Protocol that appear to be protected from changes – notably Art.2 rights for individuals – are compromised immediately by the removal of the ECJ from any UK-based legal judgements (so people can’t access definitive ECJ rulings on relevant provisions) and have the shadow of Clause 18 powers hanging over them.

Clause 18 would allow UK ministers to take whatever they like on any aspect of the Protocol as they see fit, without Parliamentary control. To call this sweeping would be an understatement and sets up a much more antagonistic passage through the Lords (and probably with some Tory backbenchers).

As a whole, the Bill reads like a legal embodiment of 1980s Millwall supporters.

Legally, the Bill stands on the weakest of justifications, just as the chances of it forcing the EU to the negotiation table like vanishingly small. Given that both of these things was very evident beforehand,  the key question is ‘why carry on regardless?’

As I’ve long said, it reflects much more on the state of domestic debate than on real, existing international relations.

For more evidence of this, we might look to yesterday’s publication of the Centre for Brexit Policy’s report on Global Britain.

I only focused on the EU/Europe section in my thread below, but it suffers from the flawed assumption that just because you think the EU is rotten, so must everyone else.

So that much-trailed @CentreBrexit report has finally dropped

Some observations


— Simon Usherwood (@Usherwood) June 22, 2022

And so we continue to go round the same old problems, again and again.

Even if the NIP Bill gets binned and even if the CBP’s ideas don’t become official policy, the issues still remain about how to find a mutually-acceptable and stable solution for Northern Ireland. Which seems rather lost in this debate.

The post Making the Northern Ireland Protocol work appeared first on Ideas on Europe.

Categories: European Union

Press release - EP TODAY, Thursday, 23 June

European Parliament - Thu, 23/06/2022 - 08:33
Thursday, 23 June

Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP
Categories: European Union

Press release - MEPs say EU leaders must grab the opportunity to expand and reform the EU

European Parliament - Wed, 22/06/2022 - 19:33
On Wednesday, MEPs outlined their expectations for the 23-24 June European Council in a plenary debate with the French Presidency and Commission President von der Leyen.

Source : © European Union, 2022 - EP
Categories: European Union